Agricultural Transformation Agenda: Areas of Focus in GTP II

Starting with a ministerial level working group assigned by the Prime Minister to develop the high level vision for Agriculture and Rural Transformation in GTP II, the ATA and MoA worked with federal and regional stakeholders to identify the broad pillars for agricultural transformation in the next five years.

The starting point for the pillars of the Agricultural Transformation Agenda in GTP II are the four agriculture sector objectives highlighted in
the GTP II: 1) increased and market oriented crop production and productivity; 2) increased livestock production and productivity; 3) reduced degradation and improved productivity of natural resources; and 4) enhanced food security. These are all directly included as pillars in the Agricultural Transformation Agenda.

In addition, two additional pillars have been included based on the learning during the implementation of the Transformation Agenda in GTP I and detailed feedback from stakeholders in the sector. One additional pillar deals with Markets and Agri-business. Since the transformation of the agriculture sector must be holistic and incorporate both the pull and push side of the commodity value chain, this pillar is critical for market-based sustainability. Addressing bottlenecks to improve production and productivity without ensuring the availability of markets can have negative consequences on smallholder farmers.

One of the key binding constraints in Ethiopia’s agriculture sector is the lack of capacity in key areas of the system. The ATA has attempted to address some of these issues directly during GTP I but the scope of the challenge is well beyond the capacity of
one organization. As such, a more systematic approach for building institutional and human capacity of key agricultural systems is envisioned in the Transformation Agenda during GTP II.

For each of these pillars, a widely consultative process has been undertaken to identify the specific program areas in which systemic bottlenecks must be addressed. These efforts ensure: strong alignment on objectives,
targets, activities and milestones of prioritized programs and deliverables; clear ownership
and accountability among stakeholders; and appropriate consideration and mainstreaming
of crosscutting issues, particularly related to gender equality, environment and climate change adaptation.