The Agriculture Component of GTP I

With the twin goals of poverty reduction and eliminating the country’s dependence on food aid in mind, the Government of Ethiopia (GoE) has designed and implemented a number of development strategies over the last few decades. Among these are the Sustainable Development and Poverty Reduction Program (2000/01 – 2004/05), and the Plan for Accelerated and Sustained Development to End Poverty (2005/06 – 2009/10).

Building on the experiences of these strategies, the first Growth and Transformation Plan (GTP) was formulated for the years 2010/11 to 2014/15, with a set of clear objectives and targets. The GTP’s vision is to base the Ethiopian economy on a modern and productive agricultural sector that utilizes enhanced technology, thereby feeding into an industrial sector that plays a leading role in the economy. By doing so, the GoE aims to sustain economic development, secure social justice, and attain middle income country status.

As with the preceding national policies and strategies, the GTP recognizes agriculture as the heart of the Ethiopian economy and sets objectives that aim to boost agricultural production, strengthen agricultural research, and facilitate stronger market linkages. Fourteen agricultural growth and transformation objectives were developed in GTP I, along with their corresponding outputs and measurable targets. These comprised the GoE’s plans to develop the agriculture sector within the specific five-year period.

Agricultural Objectives in GTP I

1. Ensure food security and support the food industry through increasing crop production

2. Increase crop productivity by applying good agricultural practices

3. Increase crop production by increasing cultivable agricultural land

4. Improve agricultural production and productivity by improving extension service utilization and agricultural inputs

5. Strengthen agricultural marketing strategy & increase foreign market earnings

6. Improve livestock production & productivity

7. Enhance agricultural research

8. Encourage private sector investment in agriculture & increase agricultural product exports

9. Enhance plant health & quality control

10.Enhance livestock health & quality control

11. Strengthen natural resource conservation

12. Strengthen biodiversity conservation

13. Improve disaster mitigation & management

14. Decrease the population living below poverty line

Alignment of the Agricultural Transformation Agenda with GTP I

From its inception, the Transformation Agenda was intended to support the fulfillment of agricultural goals already identified by the GoE. As a result, separate impact targets have not been defined for the transformation Agenda. Rather, the Transformation Agenda over the past four years has been expected to support the achievement of the agriculture targets in the five year GTP.

Furthermore, the deliverables in the Transformation Agenda do not aim to address all of the objectives in the GTP. They were designed to contribute to the achievement of specific GTP I objectives by unlocking specific bottlenecks. In particular, the deliverables in the Transformation Agenda have been expected to address the following agricultural objectives in the GTP I:

  • Increase crop productivity by applying good agricultural practices
  • Improve agricultural production and productivity by improving extension service utilization and agricultural inputs
  • Strengthen the agricultural marketing strategy and increase foreign market earnings
  • Enhance agricultural research
  • Strengthen natural resource conservation

GTP I Transformation Agenda: Outcomes & Progress