Governance and oversight of the Transformation Agenda is provided by the Agricultural Transformation Council, chaired by the Prime Minister and made up of the heads of key agriculture and related sector institutions. The Council sets the vision and strategic direction for deliverables, and oversees progress to ensure accountability against objectives. The Council also ensures efficient allocation of government human and financial resources, and ensures effective stakeholder engagement in prioritized areas. Under the oversight of the Transformation Council, the ATA serves as the Secretariat. In this capacity, the ATA provides strategic assistance on deliverable planning, supports implementation, and tracks and reports on progress of deliverables to senior policy makers.
Much of the Transformation Agenda’s leadership comes from the Ministry of Agriculture and Regional Bureaus of Agriculture, who often take on the role of direct implementation or provide project management support to implementing partners. Other government institutions critical to the transformation process include the Ministry of Trade, Ministry of Industry, Ethiopian Institute of Agricultural Research, and the Federal Cooperative Agency, among others. These institutions – as well as their regional counterparts – own and implement deliverables related to their particular areas of responsibility, while ensuring that alignment and clear linkages are created with other ongoing initiatives.
Non-governmental and private sector actors also engage in interventions, either directly in implementation, or by providing feedback and expertise on deliverables where their organizations have relevant experience.
Specifically, three key areas have been identified where all stakeholders must engage and closely collaborate to implement deliverables within the Transformation Agenda: Deliverable Planning, Implementation and Performance Management.
The Transformation Agenda also takes into account the need to mainstream crosscutting issues into all deliverables. In Ethiopia, agriculture is primarily rainfed, and some simulation models have indicated that by 2050 the effects of climate change will reduce average rice, wheat and maize yields by up to 20% in Sub-Saharan Africa. This means that farmers must adapt and build resilience to variable rainfall, changes in temperature, and increased incidence of diseases associated with climate change. The sector must also grow in an inclusive manner. Significant population groups often have challenges to participating in the growth process because of poverty, marginalization (e.g. pastoralists), or because social norms constrain them. Agricultural transformation cannot be achieved unless the same opportunities are provided to underserved, more vulnerable groups as well.
The inclusion of strong performance management as part of the Transformation Agenda also allows for progress in all areas to be trackable and measurable, while making sure that interventions do not have unintended negative consequences.