Why is transformation needed in this program area?

For agricultural development to be truly transformational and inclusive, poor and marginalized rural communities and households need to be included in the growth and transformation process. In Ethiopia, such population groups include the poor and food insecure households, pastoral and agro-pastoral communities, and the youth who are often are unable to effectively engage in the agricultural growth process because they do not own sufficient assets or have livelihood systems that are poorly integrated and/or associated with mainstream economic activities. Addressing the needs of such households and communities requires targeted interventions.

What are the objectives and areas of this program area during GTP II?

The objective of this program area is to more effectively engage poor and marginalized rural communities and households in the growth and transformation process.

This is a new area for the agricultural transformation agenda. The focus of the program will therefore initially be to assess and identify key systemic bottlenecks in the sub-sector. A key element of the program will nevertheless be to shift support from direct assistance (transfers) to targeted support for livelihood development. This will be promoted through customized interventions across key program areas such as rural finance, cooperative development, extension, animal health and domestic and export market development.