Why is transformation needed in this program area?

Unlocking systemic bottlenecks in the area of land administration (including the use of modern and cost efficient land registration modalities and more effective land certification processes) is expected to promote more sustainable land use by farmers. Additionally, given that land certification serves to formalize farmers’ land rights, it will also encourage longer term investments on land. These are important complements to the adoption of improved soil management techniques and other soil health and fertility enhancing technologies in the promotion of sustainable land management within Ethiopian smallholder agriculture—thereby promoting sustainable agricultural intensification, which is a critical dimension of sustainable agricultural transformation.

Despite a great deal of attention given in recent years to building land administration infrastructure in Ethiopia, the lack of a comprehensive land use polity framework has resulted in a certain confusion on appropriate utilization of agricultural land, resulting in continued negative environmental effects and land degradation; and, unabated land conflicts among different sectors and community groups due to competing land use requirements. Urgent action in this regard is necessary if agricultural transformation is to be environmentally sustainable and inclusive.

What are the objectives of this program area during GTP II?

The objectives of the program are to craft the national land use policy framework and initiate key systemic changes that would support the requirements of sustainable and inclusive economic growth, equity and poverty alleviation; and, to identify and address bottlenecks in land sector agencies and other key players in supporting integrated land management systems design.

What are the focus areas of this program?

This is a new area for the agricultural transformation agenda. The focus of the program will therefore initially be to assess and identify key systemic bottlenecks in the sub-sector and develop land administration infrastructure “best practices” and a “tool box” of principles, policies, laws and technologies which are useful in transforming land administration systems in support of a broader land policy agenda of the country. This will be done with a view of promoting sustainable land management practices within smallholder agriculture.

Three potential areas of intervention are expected to receive particular attention:

1. Develop appropriate frameworks for sustainable and efficient rural land utilization
2. Establish and strengthen systems for land administration and user rights systems, particularly their core cadastral components. These are an important infrastructure which facilitates the implementation of land use policies, and permits a complex range of rights, restrictions and responsibilities in land to be identified, mapped and managed as a basis for policy formulation and implementation.
3. Capacity development to support initiating and coordinating policy actions, and to resolve contradictory policies and initiatives among various land delivery agencies.