Climate Change Adaptation & Mitigation
Why is transformation needed in this program area?
Performance of Ethiopian agriculture is critically affected by climate variability and related biotic and abiotic stresses. Climate change has negatively influenced Ethiopian agriculture over the last three decades with erratic rainfall, increasing temperatures, and extreme events (particularly droughts and outbreaks of diseases and pest infestations) undermining development efforts. Sustaining increases in agricultural production and productivity – which underlies the agricultural transformation effort – over the long term, requires the development and adoption of Climate Smart Agricultural (CSA) practices. CSA is defined as the promotion of agricultural productivity, more efficient use of natural resources and development of the natural resource base, enhancing the ability of farmers to adapt to a variable climate and extreme events; and, ensuring climate change mitigation through the reduction and sequestration of GHG emissions.
What are the objectives of this program area during GTP II?
In general the program aims to support the mainstreaming of Ethiopia’s Climate Resilient Green Economy (CRGE) strategy by greening the Transformation Agenda.
It includes four inter-related objectives, namely that (1) Climate smart agricultural production technologies and practices are developed and promoted within smallholder farmer production through key agricultural systems, (2) Technologies and practices relating to sustainable on-farm natural resources management and water resources development are promoted through key agricultural systems and gradually adopted by smallholder farmers, (3) Value chain actors understand and start adopting climate smart technologies and practices along selected value chains, and (4) Institutional capacity for ‘climate mainstreaming’ is increased among all stakeholders.
What are the focus areas of this program?
In terms of areas of focus, climate adaptation and mitigation is mainstreamed through all program areas of the transformation agenda. Some examples of these focus areas include (1) An initiative to enhance the quality and dissemination of agronomic advice to farmers based on localized meteorological (weather) data, (2) Diagnostic studies into the interventions needed for the effective greening of agriculture, in particular of rural financial services, and of the maize and diary value chains from farm to fork, and (3) the establishment of model Farmer Training Centers (FTCs) to disseminate best-practice advice for farmers on climate smart agriculture.