Why is transformation needed in this program area?

Defining objectives for Ethiopia’s agricultural development and transformation, evidence based planning, measuring progress of results, assessing sectoral developments, and learning from achievements is critical to achieve the goal of transforming the Ethiopian agriculture sector, as it allows for informed decision-making and mid-course adjustments based on evidence. It also helps to promote the efficiency of resource utilization by monitoring spending vis-à-vis results achieved.

The agriculture sector is complex; its development therefore needs systematic follow up, both in terms of monitoring day-to-day progress and evaluating results, to ensure that the transformation process is on track and that related government support is optimal. Therefore, Planning, Monitoring & Evaluation (PME) is a powerful public management tool that helps to ensure that initiatives within the sector are well conceived and that intended results are achieved.

However, current PME systems as they relate to the agriculture sector in Ethiopia exhibit significant weaknesses, including (1) Weak and uncoordinated institutional frameworks, (2) The absence of effective modalities to harmonize and align PME efforts across multiple stakeholders within a decentralized system, (3) Ad hoc measures of sector performance that do not address the needs of decision makers at different levels of government, and (4) Inadequate and fragmented Management Information System (MIS) and knowledge generation management.

Thus, a robust, useable, results-based Monitoring and Evaluation (M&E) system, effective modalities for learning and reflection across multiple stakeholders, and a strong planning framework are indispensable tools for addressing systemic bottlenecks and weaknesses for the sector-wide PME.

What are the objectives of this program area during GTP II?

The PME Program’s main aim during the GTP II is to promote evidence-based decision-making at all levels guided by high quality plans and strong results based M&E systems. This will be supported by the following specific objectives: (1) Strengthened institutional framework for result based PME system, (2) Internally consistent and integrated plans for agricultural development, (3) Improved measurement and reporting through regular monitoring of outputs, measurement of progress towards GTP II results and evaluation of developments in the sector, and (4) Enhanced generation and dissemination of relevant knowledge and information.

The program follows the principles of full ownership, participatory and inclusive approaches to relevant processes by all stakeholders, as well as mutual accountability so as to support agricultural transformation in Ethiopia. In doing so, it has sought to establish a program of action for moving sector-wide PME systems towards (1) planning based on strong evidence, (2) systematic monitoring of developments in the sector (rather that meeting ad hoc reporting requirements as they arise), and (3) measuring achievement of intended results articulated in sectoral strategies (rather than outputs of individual programs).

What are the focus areas of this program?

Three transformational deliverables identified and planned jointly by the Ministry of Agriculture (MoA) and regional stakeholders will be the program’s focus areas during GTP II period. These deliverables are namely: (1) strengthening the institutional structure for the sector wide result based PME, particularly linkages between federal and regional stakeholders, (2) developing and implementing an innovative results-based M&E system, and (3) strengthening and rationalizing knowledge management systems (including a functional MIS).

The three deliverables are high level transformational results that are intended to be achieved to bring the desired transformational changes for PME in the sector. It is further broken down in to 10 high level sub-deliverables and 26 associated transformational activities that will be implemented during the next five years.