The Agriculture Component of GTP I
With the twin goals of poverty reduction and eliminating the country’s dependence on food aid in mind, the Government of Ethiopia (GoE) has designed and implemented a number of development strategies over the last few decades. Among these are the Sustainable Development and Poverty Reduction Program (2000/01 – 2004/05), and the Plan for Accelerated and Sustained Development to End Poverty (2005/06 – 2009/10). Building on the experiences of these strategies, the first Growth and Transformation Plan (GTP) was formulated for the years 2010/11 to 2014/15, with a set of clear agricultural objectives and targets.
The Agriculture Component in GTP II
GTP I focused on accelerating growth in production of traditional crops. It has done so by promoting the adoption of improved technologies by smallholder farmers, and by increasing investment in rural infrastructure, particularly for irrigation and improved watershed management. It also emphasized the need to ensure food security across all sections of Ethiopian society. During GTP II, while accelerated growth in agricultural productivity continues to be an important area of focus, a gradual shift in emphasis towards high-value crops and livestock production with enhanced focus on market access is being envisaged.
Agricultural Commercialization Clusters
Geographically focused approaches (also known as economic corridors or clusters) have been successfully used in Asian, Latin American, and African countries to drive agricultural transformation and rural industrialization. The approach calls for a strengthened value-chain method consisting of localized, adjoining groups of districts (known as Woredas) grouped (or clustered) to focus on agricultural production and commercialization. Based on this, in the past, Ethiopia had already launched geographically based initiatives that aimed to integrate and link interventions within the agriculture sector to broader economic plans. Such initiatives, for example the Economic Growth Corridor program, had strong conceptual groundings, but faced challenges in implementation.
Performance Management of the Transformation Agenda in GTP II
Performance monitoring and management of Transformation Agenda deliverables during GTP II will build on systems and processes established during GTP I.Robust weekly, monthly, quarterly and annual reporting and evidence based status tracking at the activity and output levels will provide strong forward visibility to proactively identify and remedy issues. These reports will often require data collection from local and federal level administrative bodies.